The Effect of Smoking on Health Essay example
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The Effect of Smoking on Health
“Tobacco smoke is a complex mixture of more than 4,000 chemicals in the form of gases, particles or both. When you inhale cigarette smoke, dozens of harmful substances enter your lungs and spread through your body. They can reach your brain, heart and other organs within 10 seconds of the first puff.” (Winstanly. M et al 1995)
Tobacco is a plant which has been grown over thousands of years upon which many scientific experiments have taken place. The researchers have looked into the matter in many ways. The experiments through research have shown many results regarding the issue, whether smoking is harmless or harmful.
The essay will differentiate between…show more content…
“Emphysema is a disease where the lungs become inflamed and causes the airways to contract making it harder to breathe.” (Dossing, M 2001)
Further, there seems to be numerous reports and studies made by scientist and physicians, however there are arguments made by smokers who claim that most chemicals are exhaled and only little is consumed.
Smokers are at a higher risk of cancer according to a pro smoker’s website (issue 182) where it states “the magnitude of the relative risk and the numbers of lung cancers now attributed to smoking and all smokers are at very high risk” (Doll et al., 1994).
Looking at the scientific research which has been carried out, it would be sensible to say that smoking does cause lung cancer, however this can raise a question.
If smoking is the route to cancer, then why is their a minority that suffer?
The proof is to be found in many sources, however if the argument was raised, then evidence can be related to the matter that smoking causes lung cancer. On the contrary, to argue that cigarettes do not damage the health would leave implication that this is impossible.
Many anti smoking campaigners, such as the Ash.org offer information related to the subject. These campaigners have established themselves due
Smoking is the term that is generally defined in context of inhaling tobacco when it is burnt. It is practiced in several forms, viz. Cigarette, Cigar, Hookahs, Bidi, vaporizers etc. It is a known fact since long times that smoking is injurious to health. This is even clearly embedded on the commercial packs containing cigarettes etc. But despite the warning there is no reduction in the sales of cigarettes in the society. On the contrary, an up rise in consumption of number of cigarettes has been noticed. Here cigarette smoking is emphasised; the reason being that it is the most common practice of inhaling tobacco smoke in the masses.
Everyone seems to be aware of the fact that smoking causes lung cancer. But it hardly matters to those who smoke. As the disease occurs after due course of time, it leads to a state of helplessness. By the time the disease is diagnosed it has already done sufficient damage to the lung tissues and other systemic organs of the body.
In a report published in the yare 2007 it was stated that about more than 4 million people die due to smoking. This statistics are proof enough to highlight the effects of smoking. Smoking regularly decreases the life span of an individual by 7-8 years. Current health report warns against the surge in premature death of individuals in the industrialised countries. Men are affected more as compared to women only due to the factor that they inhale more smoke as compared to their counter parts.
Smoking may lead to development of various cardiovascular diseases. These diseases are related to heart and the supplying blood vessels. Smoking affects the functioning of heart in various ways.
The foremost is that it paves way for the deposition of cholesterol in the arteries that supply blood to the heart. This leads to hampered supply of blood to the heart and results in various severe complications like a heart failure. Blockage to vessels also leads to decreased blood supply to extremities of the body, resulting in gangrene and organ dysfunction in the longer run. In a serious condition clots may be formed in the blood which may block the flow in the vessels supplying heart and brain. This may lead to severe consequences like paralysis or even death in some cases.
Another common medical condition is the difficulty in breathing which is known as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. It can be defined as a syndrome, i.e. a group of disease. Obstruction in the airflow occurs in this condition which may lead to difficulty in breathing. Respiratory system is weakened due to damaged basic units which are alveoli. This may show up as breathlessness and chronic cough as the presenting symptoms. In some persons it also acts as the predisposing factor for Asthma.
Besides smokers are also at increased risk of developing high blood pressure which may result in hypertension. This disease involves various other organs of the body like kidney, liver and eyes. Decrease in the functioning of the kidney may lead to serious complications which occur due to accumulation of the waste products in the body. Similarly, a person affected by hypertension is in turn prone to develop cataracts and other visual problems like macular degeneration.
Smoking is more dangerous as it poses an equal threat to the passive smokers. They are the persons who don’t smoke actively but inhale it as released by an active smoker. ‘Smoking kills’ is the phrase enough to define the dangers of smoking.