National Unity day (also known as Rashtriya Ekta Diwas) is celebrated every year on 31st of October by the people all through India. It is celebrated to commemorate the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel who really unified the country. Rashtriya Ekta Diwas or National Unity Day was introduced by the Government of India in 2014 with the aim of celebrating this event every year on 31st October.
The aim of introducing this event is to pay tribute to the great man, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, on his birth anniversary by remembering his extraordinary works for the country. He really worked hard in keeping India united.
National Unity Day 2018
National Unity Day 2018 will be celebrated on 31st of October, at Wednesday by the people all over India. It would be celebrated as 143rd birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
Why National Unity Day (Rashtriya Ekta Diwas) is Celebrated
National Unity Day (or Rashtriya Ekta Diwas) is the birthday (birth anniversary) of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, a famous personality for uniting India. This day was decided and introduced by the central government of India in New Delhi in 2014 in order to observe the birth anniversary of Patel every year as Rashtriya Ekta Diwas. It aimed to pay tribute to him for his great efforts made to unite India.
This day was inaugurated in 2014 by the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, by paying floral tributes at the statue of Sardar Patel and flagging off a program known as ‘Run For Unity’ in New Delhi. This program was planned to highlight the efforts made by Sardar Patel for uniting country.
At this day, a nationwide marathon is organized to increase awareness about Rashtriya Ekta Diwas and remember the great person.
Celebration of this occasion annually helps youth of the country to be aware of and provides an opportunity to everyone to maintain the integral strength of the nation. It makes Indian citizens to realize that how a national integrity helps in defeating the actual and potential threats for unity, integrity and security of the nation.
About Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is also known as the Iron Man of India who worked hard to make India an United India (Ek Bharat). He also requested the people of India to live together by uniting in order to create Shresth Bharat (Foremost India). Sardar Patel was born on 31st of October in 1875 at Karamsand, Gujarat.
He was also called as Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel. He died on 15th of December in 1950 at Bombay, Bombay State, India. He was a barrister, statesman, a leader of Indian National Congress and one of the founding fathers of the Republic of India. He worked hard a social leader for the Independence of country and integration of people to make a united and independent nation.
As being the first Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of India he played a most important role in the integration of many Indian princely states to make a an Indian federation. He made huge efforts to restore the peace all across the nation. He was also the first chairman and founder of the E.M.H.S (Edward Memorial High School Borsad, currently named as Jhaverbhai Dajibhai Patel High School).
His dedication for the national integration was completely uncompromising in order to make a newly liberated united country. His dedication towards the unity in country made him able to integrate more than 500 independent princely states in 1947 to 1949 from the British rule through the Independence Act 1947.
He is affectionately remembered as the “Iron Man of India” and “Patron saint of India’s civil servants” as he established the modern all-India services system. In order to remember him annually, Rashtriya Ekta Diwas is introduced by the Government of India in 2014.
How National Unity Day (Rashtriya Ekta Diwas) is Celebrated
National Unity Day is an initiative celebrated every year to commemorate Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’s birth anniversary. It is celebrated by the people of India by organizing variety of events. A floral tribute is given to the statue of Sardar Patel every year at the Patel Chowk, Parliament Street, New Delhi in the morning.
Various programmes are organized by the government of India to mark the occasion such as run for unity, pledge taking ceremony march past by the Indian police.
Run for Unity programme is held in the major cities, district towns and various places in the rural areas. Youths from the schools, colleges, universities, educational institutes, National Cadet Corps, National Service Scheme, etc take part in the programme very actively. It is organized at huge level in the National capital from Vijay Chowk to India Gate on the Rajpath at 8.30 am in the morning.
The second programme, which is organized most importantly in the government offices, public sectors, public institutions, etc, is pledge taking ceremony. It is organized to observe the occasion by truly taking the pledge in group.
Third event organized at this day is march past by the police (central armed police forces including scouts, guides, NCC, NSS, home guards, etc) on the streets of major cities and district towns. Somewhere, a pledge taking ceremony is held after the march past of police.
Employees and staffs from the municipal corporation of many cities also take part in the National Unity pledge and later in the Run for Unity. Students from various schools and colleges also perform variety of cultural activities including banners and posters making in order to spread the message of unity and security, essay writing, speech reciting, quiz competition, paintings, rhyme recitation, art making competition, debate on the related topic, etc.
The main objective of organizing variety of programmes at this day is to promote national integration among citizens of the India as well as maintain the unity and integrity of the country.
It has been requested by the Ministry of Human Resource Development to administer pledge taking in the schools and colleges so that students can be motivated and maintain the unity and integrity of the country in future. Thus, a notice has been issued by the Central Board of Secondary Education to administer the pledge in the schools.
Almost 250 centre coordinators has been appointed by the CBSE in schools all across India in order to organize the event in which more than 400-500 students come from the neighborhood schools at each centre to participate in the mass activities. Variety of activities play great role in conveying the message about importance of unity in maintaining peace, keeping public places clean, security, removing threats, etc in the country.
Rashtriya Ekta Diwas Pledge
Following is the pledge for Rashtriya Ekta Diwas (National Unity Day): “I solemnly pledge that I dedicate myself to preserve the unity, integrity and security of the nation and also strive hard to spread this message among my fellow countrymen.
I take this pledge in the spirit of unification of my country which was made possible by the vision and actions of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. I also solemnly resolve to make my own contribution to ensure internal security of my country.”
|Full name||Indian National Trade Union Congress|
|Founded||3 May 1947|
|Office location||4, Bhai Veer Singh Marg, New Delhi|
Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC) is the trade union wing of the Indian National Congress. It was founded 3 May 1947 and is affiliated with the International Trade Union Confederation. According to provisional statistics from the Ministry of Labour, INTUC had a membership of 3,892,011 in 2002. INTUC is widely accepted as a trade union that works with the management and is not a typical confrontational organisation.
Birth and growth of INTUC
The foundation of INTUC on 3 May 1947 just 3 months before India attained independence.
Acharya JB Kripalani, who was then President of the Indian National Congress inaugurated the Founding conference of INTUC which was presided over by Sardar Vallabhai Patel. Among the distinguished leaders who attended the opening session were Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Shankarrao Deo, Jagjivan Ram, B. G. Kher, OP Mehtab, Aruna Asaf Ali, Ram Manohar Lohia, Ashoka Mehta, Ramchandra Sakharam Ruikar, Maniben Patel and other prominent trade unionists.
Under the guidance of Mahatma Gandhi, the founding fathers in their wisdom preferred to let the INTUC have an independent identity with its own constitution, while at the same time functioning as an arm of the Congress.
INTUC Congress relationship
Since inception, INTUC has been maintaining very close relationship with AICC. On several occasions there have been discussions over the relationship between INTUC and AICC and the need for having continuous dialogue between the two organisations on issues of mutual interests. In order to have regular interaction between the INTUC & AICC a five-member Committee was appointed by the AICC in 1967 and Gulzarilal Nanda was the Convener. Similarly during 2002, an Advisory Committee was formed under the Chairmanship of Pranab Mukherjee. Three General Secretaries represented AICC in the Committee. On behalf of INTUC, Rajendra Pd Singh General Secretary and two Vice-Presidents were represented. Dr.G Sanjeeva Reddy was included as special invitee in the CWC
Objectives of INTUC
To establish an order of society which is free from hindrance in the way on an all round development of its individual members, which fosters the growth of human personality in all its aspects and goes to the utmost limit in progressively eliminating social political or economic exploitation and inequality, the profit motive in the economic activity and organisation of society and the anti-social concentration in any form.
To place industry under national ownership and control in suitable form in order to realise the aforesaid objectives in the quickest time.
To organise society in such a manner as to ensure full employment and the best utilisation of its manpower and other resources.
To secure increasing association of the worker in the administration of industry and their full participation in its control.
To promote generally the social civic and political interest of the working class to secure an effective and complete organisation of all categories of workers, including agricultural labour.
To guide and co-ordinate the activities of the affiliated organisations.
To assist and co-ordinate the activities of the affiliated organisations.
To assist in the formation of trade unions.
To promote the organisation of workers of each industry on a nationwide basis.
To assist in the formation of Regional or Pradesh Branches or Federations.
To secure speedy improvement of conditions of work and life and of the status of the workers in industry and society.
To obtain for the workers various measures of social security, including adequate provision in respect of accidents, maternity, sickness, old age and unemployment.
To secure a living wage for every worker in normal employment and to bring about a progressive improvement in the workers standard of living.
To regulate hours and other conditions of work in keeping with the conditions of the workers and to ensure the proper enforcement of legislation for the protection and up-lift of labour.
To establish just industrial relations.
To secure redressal of grievances, without stoppages of work, by means of negotiations and conciliation and failing these by arbitration or adjudication.
To take recourse to other legitimate method, including strikes or any suitable form of satyagraha, where adjudication is not applied and settlement of disputes within a reasonable time by arbitration is not available for the redress of grievances.
To make necessary arrangements for the efficient conduct satisfactory and speedy conclusion of authorised strikes or satyagraha.
To foster the spirit of solidarity, service, brotherhood co-operation and mutual help among the workers.
To develop in the workers a sense of responsibility towards the industry and community.
To raise the workers' standard of efficiency and discipline.
–mahadma taileros congrss