Sweden Bibliography

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TitleThe Swedish National Bibliography
Web site addresshttp://www.kb.se/english/find/bibliographies/national/
Start dateBegan 1976
Period coveredFor monographs 1976 to date, for music prints and maps from 1986, for magazines from 1900 to date.
Current size585,000 records
Media coveredPrinted books, periodicals, music scores and maps. Some electronic books and periodicals are covered as well.
General selection criteriaIncludes the Swedish national output. Swedish material published around the world is generally included in the SUECANA-database.
Selection criteria for digital resourcesSpecial agreements with some publishers. No full coverage. Maybe digital legal deposit from 2011.
Exclusions policies appliedEphemera, computer games, audio-visual material, most electronic resources, newspapers.
Primary organisation responsible for national bibliographic controlSingle national library.
Web site address of national bibliographic agencyhttp://www.kb.se
Co-operative structures orrelationships supporting the production of the national bibliography Cooperation with Bokrondellen, Sweden’s largest database for the book-trade.
Single integrated or multiple categorised bibliographiesAudio-visual material is recorded in Svensk mediedatabas, http://smdb.kb.se/
Sources of bibliographic metadata used to produce national bibliographyData is created in-house, but also derived from records of other libraries. The National Bibliography is a part of the National Union Catalogue and not a real database of its own. Data put in the National Union Catalogue by others is also used by the National Bibliography.
Relationship to national legal deposit legislation or voluntary deposit arrangementsThe material included is received by the National Library under national deposit arrangements. We also receive a large amount of commercially available books before publication trough our arrangement with Bokrondellen, mentioned above.
Relationship to national Cataloguing in Publication (CIP) programmeNo CIP programme exists.
Media & format options HTML
Access options to national bibliographic metadataWeb catalogue, Z39.50, SRU, unAPI, Xsearch (supporting MARC-XML, Dublin Core, Json, RIS, MODS and RDF), OpenURL COinS
Metadata enhancements offered via online services
Web 2.0 services offeredPlanned, but not yet offered
Frequency of service updatesDaily
Target audiences for servicesAcademic libraries, members of the public, book trade.
Uses made ofservices offered Acqusition/selection, derived cataloguing, statistical enquiries about national output.
Pricing policy for national bibliographic servicesFree basis.
Availability of metadata for re-useNo restrictions.
Metadata formats MARC21
Cataloguing codeSlightly modified AACR2
Levels of description offeredSlightly modified AACR Levels 1 and 3.
Subject standardsSwedish Subject Headings (SAO) and SAB-classification. Starting in January of 2011 we will use DDC instead of SAB.
Name authority standardsNACO
Is NBA affiliated to IFLA SC?Yes, to the IFLA Standing Committee of the Bibliography Section. However no personal representative in the SC during the current period.

Bibliography, national bibliographies

Last update: 5 October 2012

If you use double-quotes, i.e., , to delimit the contents of a bibliographic field, you will find that writing

generates a BibTeX error, whereas

does not. I.e., BibTeX isn't quite smart enough on its own to distinguish between the two uses of the character and needs extra help.

In addition, contents of bibliographic fields -- certainly the and fields, but potentially other fields as well, including the , , and fields -- are frequently used to sort entries alphabetically.

How do BibTeX (and LaTeX) sort characters with Umlaute, diacritics, and other special features relative to the basic 26 characters of the Latin alphabet? How is one supposed to sort three authors named, say, , , and ? For some pretty sound reasons -- but which are way too ancient and obscure to go into any adequate level of detail here; to explore these reasons properly, it's crucial to have Appendix C of the TeXBook handy... -- a decision was made in the design of BibTeX to "purify" (the BibTeX function that does this job really is called !) the contents of various fields as follows (this method conforms, probably not surprisingly, to US and UK sorting criteria; it needn't be "correct" outside of English-speaking regions, as I will note below) for sorting purposes:

  • , , , etc are all made equivalent to ,
  • , , and are all made equivalent to ,
  • and become equivalent to and , respectively,
  • becomes equivalent to ,
  • becomes equivalent to ,
  • and so on for all other "accented" characters,
  • finally, any characters that do not fit into this scheme, including , are moved to the very end, i.e., after . This may seem arbitrary and ill-informed from today's vantage point, but back when BibTeX was created more than 20 years ago the only relevant character encoding and sorting system was ASCII.

As you can immediately appreciate, this "purification" step is greatly simplified and made more robust if the "accented" characters are all entered consistently in the manner suggested in the first part of this answer.

Turning to the earlier case of the three authors named , , and : How will they appear in a bibliography whose entries are sorted alphabetically by the authors' surnames? If Anna's last name is entered as , the three authors will end up being listed as - - . In contrast, if Anna's last name had been entered as , the sorting order would have been Hauser - Hill - Häuser. For most English-speaking readers, the second ordering will look completely wrong.

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